Using a laptop and microphone:
Use the open-source program Audacity: https://www.audacityteam.org/download/
In Preferences, check that the Default Sample Rate is 44100 Hz and the Default Sample Format is 16-bit
Be sure to sit in front of the microphone and talk to the red light to keep your voice in the “contact cone”
When you are ready to record, press the red circle. Press the black square to stop. Do a test to check for ambient noise. If there’s too much, move to a quieter location and raise the volume before recording. Low volume picks up mechanical noises and ambient sound.
To Save Files:
Press the black square for “stop.”
In the File menu, select Export (not “Save Project”)
Then “Export to WAV”
WAV files are uncompressed and will work better in synching with the scanned films.
Name the file with the Narrator’s last name and the film title. If you do multiple takes, label them 1, 2, 3, etc.
Save the WAV files to multiple copies in different locations (a cloud app like Dropbox and on your computer or local hard drive).
Microphones (incl. using cell phones) & Purchasing Guides:
On how to use Androids or iPhones (starting on page ten of) New York Heritage's "Recording Oral Histories | Audio Recording Procedures."
Sustainabie Heritage Network's "Basic Oral History Recording Kit: Equipment Purchasing Guide"
Sustainabie Heritage Network's "Different Types of Microphones for Oral History Use [Tutorial]"
"How to record audio on an iPhone using the Voice Memos app, and quickly edit or export your recordings." (Business Insider, Aug. 6, 2019)